In London, a stroll along the South Bank reveals the remains of the medieval Winchester Palace.
The scenic coastal county of Northumbria is a border region, at the centre of which is the elegant market town of Alnwick, whilst the the far north the only complete Elizabethan defensive walls can be found at Berwick-upon-Tweed.
As the biggest county in England, Yorkshire is resplendent with historical sites and buildings, from the pretty hillside town of Richmond, to the sprawling ruins of Easby Abbey, to the county town of York (see Part I and Part II), whose history spans back to the Roman occupation.
The ruins of Newark Castle in Nottinghamshire reveal a history of violence and destruction.
In Lothian, Scotland’s capital Edinburgh is located, home to two royal residences, Edinburgh Castle and Holyrood Palace (see combined article), whilst on the coast overlooking the Firth of Forth are the impressive remains of Tantallon Castle.